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Breeds

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The American Miniature horse’s height is usually less than 34–38 inches (86–97 cm). While these horses fit a height-based definition of a very small pony, many retain horse characteristics and are considered "horses". They have various different colours and coat patterns. They are often kept as family pets.

Health issues affecting this breed include Angular limb deformities, Upward fixation of the patella, and Luxated patella.

The American Paint Horse is a breed of horse that combines both the conformational characteristics of a western stock horse with a pinto spotting pattern of white and dark coat colours. They share a common ancestry with the American Quarter Horse and the Thoroughbred. They have strict bloodline requirements and a distinctive stock-horse type of body.

Health issues affecting this breed include Lethal white syndrome (LWS), Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis (HYPP), and Equine polysaccharide storage myopathy (PSSM).

The Quarter Horse is one of the oldest recognized breeds of horses in the United States. They originated in the 1660s as a cross between native horses of Spanish origin used by the earliest colonists and English horses. The American Quarter Horse is the most popular breed in the United States today. The breed is becoming extremely popular in the UK.

Health issues affecting this breed include Hyperkalemic periodic paralysis (HYPP), Malignant hyperthermia, and Hereditary Equine Regional Dermal Asthenia (HERDA).

The Andalusian, also known as the Pure Spanish Horse, is a horse breed from the Iberian Peninsula, where its ancestors have lived for thousands of years. Strongly built, and compact yet elegant, Andalusians have long, thick manes and tails. Their most common coat colour is grey, although they can be found in many other colours. Andalusians are used for many equestrian activities, including dressage, show jumping and driving.

Health issues affecting this breed include Laminitis and Melanomas.

The Anglo-Arab horse is the result of a Thoroughbred (hence, the prefix "Anglo") being crossed with an Arabian horse. France is one of the greatest producers of Anglo-Arabians. Their most common use is that of a general riding or sport horse. They have a long neck, prominent withers, a compact and strong body, a deep chest, solid bone and should have small, fine heads.

Health issues affecting this breed include Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID), Lavender Foal Syndrome (LFS), and Cerebellar abiotrophy (CA or CCA).

The Appaloosa is an American horse breed best known for its colourful spotted coat pattern. It is best known as a stock horse used in a number of western riding disciplines, but is also a versatile breed with representatives seen in many other types of equestrian activity.

Health issues affecting this breed include Equine recurrent uveitis, and Congenital stationary night blindness.

The Arab horse is a breed of horse that originated on the Arabian Peninsula. With a distinctive head shape and high tail carriage, the Arabian is one of the most easily recognizable horse breeds in the world. It is also one of the oldest breeds, with archaeological evidence of horses in the Middle East that resemble modern Arabians dating back 4,500 years.

Health issues affecting this breed include Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID), Lavender Foal Syndrome (LFS), and Cerebellar abiotrophy (CA or CCA).

The Ardennais or Ardennes is one of the oldest breeds of draught horse, and originates from the Ardennes area in Belgium, Luxembourg and France. They are heavy-boned with thick legs and are used for draught work. The Ardennes is found in many colours. They are used today mainly for heavy draught and farm work, and competitive driving events.

Health issues affecting this breed include Junctional Epidermolysis Bullosa (JEB), Azoturia, and Shivers.